The evolution of the concept of information warfare in the modern information society of the post-truth era

The development of technology, communication tools and the spread of Internet access in the 21st century, have made the modern citizen of Western liberal democracies a citizen of not only an information society, but also a network society. This means Read More …

Realising the EU Hybrid Toolbox: Opportunities and Pitfalls

In recent years European and other nations have been increasingly targeted by different manipulation or coercion tactics that remain under the threshold of violence, and are commonly referred to as hybrid threats. For instance, in 2016 the elections in the Read More …

Intelligence Report Reveals Wagner’s Brutal Tactics in Ukraine

Kyiv —  Wagner Group fighters have become the disposable infantry of the Russian offensive in eastern Ukraine, but a Ukrainian military intelligence document obtained by CNN sets out how effective they have been around the city of Bakhmut – and Read More …

National security bill may have ‘chilling effect’ on investigative journalism in UK

The UK’s proposed national security bill could have a “chilling effect” on investigative journalism because it sets too low a bar on what constitutes spying, the deputy chair of the Telegraph newspapers has warned. Guy Black told the House of Read More …